Roldán + Berengué, Arqts tamper with the issues of scale in this Social Housing Tower. Treated like a five floor building instead of fifteen, ie with openings every three floors the architects play with the idea of perception using cinematographic shots: from the long plan, to the short plan and the first plan. Intermediate ‘collective’ spaces that span horizontally as well as vertically occupying three floors blur the boundary between the public and private spaces emphasising the coexistence of ‘grouping’ and ‘diversification’.
‘…The urban model of the Europa Square is a generous public space opened to each side of Gran Via which concentrates, with other buildings, 26 towers of tertiary and residential uses, publics and privates, between 15 and 20 floors.Tower 5 is located in the farthest crown from the Gran Via which runs half- undergrounded. For all the buildings of this last ring, most of them public housing promoted by different clients, distribution laws in the master planning fix a maximum floor dimension of 24×24 m, as well as height in which should be located the first floor structure (slab) and the crowing point of the towers.
The piece we had built was an object of public client’s competition in February 2005. In our proposal, rescaling the tower according to its position as a piece in the limit with the consolidate fabric of Hospitalet trying to visualize with the building a movement between Europa Square and the blocks of 5 floors that form the surrounding.
Grouping together floors from 3 to 3, the image of the tower, perceived in some kind of cinematographic long plan, could approximate to a building of 5 floors of height. Consequently the scale of the windows, according to that law of grouping them, is also transforming in frames of 10 meters height and different thickness. In order to be more accurate, the facade and windows, this last ones with a sequential number and modulated in pieces with similar dimensions to a door (0.8 x 2,10 m), succeeding in different planes with a depth that range between 50 cm and 1,2 meter and emphasises the concept of big inverted tribunes. In each section of the tower the first floor of every serial of 3 is a balcony…’